ISSN 2409-5834

Zemstvo District Surgeons and Their Role in the Development of Russian Medicine

Main Article Content

Pavel M. Bogopolsky

Abstract

In Russia in the late 19th to early 20th centuries, along with the university (clinical) surgery, zemstvo district (rural) surgery began to play to a major role in the development of medical science. State reform of medical higher education in the 1840s–1860s was an important prerequisite for this development – it eliminated an acute shortage of Russian scientifi c and medical staff , thereby ensuring a signifi cant expansion of medical research and the emergence of a new and original form of national health care in the form of the zemstvo district medicine and the zemstvo district surgery.

Article Details