ISSN 2409-5834

Protection of mothers and children in the Russian Empire and the development of the Soviet child health care system

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Valeriy Yu. Albitskiy , Galina L. Mikirtichan , Stella A. Sher


This article addresses the establishment of a welfare system for mothers and children in the Russian Empire. The research demonstrates that in the 18th century, the foundations were laid for medical and social support for children in life-threatening situations (such as orphans and infants born out of wedlock). As early as the era of Peter the Great in the 18th century, attention was drawn to the need measures to protect foundlings, and during the reign of Catherine the Great, state and charitable institutions were founded to care of children in this category.

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