History of Medicine


An Open Access Journal

Sanitary-microbiological research at the Hygiene Department of the Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University: the history and the present

DOI: 10.17720/2409-5834.v5.1.2018.03c

Natalia I. Sheina,
Victor V. Korolik,
Jurij P. Pivovarov,
Ljubov’ I. Mjalina,
Ljudmila S. Zinevich,
Raisa S. Volkova,
Ljubov’ P. Sazonova,
Valentina V. Kolesnikova
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University
1 Ostrovitianov str., Moscow, Russia, 117997

The Department of Hygiene at the Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University is one of the leading schools in the field of sanitary microbiology – its staff has achieved significant scientific results. The bacteriological characteristics, environmental distribution, epidemiology and diagnostics of C. perfringens, B. cereus, V. parahaemolyticus have been studied, and preventive measures for the foodborne diseases caused by them have been developed. The methods for using biotechnological strains of genera Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Candida have been studied in agriculture and forestry. In connection with the intensive development of biotechnologies, a comprehensive hygienic assessment of biotechnological strains in soil, water in reservoirs, air in workplace areas and atmospheric air has been developed. A set of indices for the evaluation of sensitizing and immunotropic action is proposed, a scheme for toxicological and hygienic studies of biotechnological strains has been optimized, a list of priority microorganisms has been compiled and a classification of microorganisms according to their degree of danger is proposed.

Keywords: Hygiene, Sanitation, Toxic infections, Producing strains of microorganisms, regulation


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