ISSN 2409-5834

Effects Of Smoking on Men Fertility in Kirkuk City-Iraq

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Ali Fadhil Alnajjar ,Aso Sulaiman Qahraman ,Ayad Abdulkaliq Ismael


Introduction And Aim Numerous studies have identified the effect of tobacco smoking on male fertility where seminal fluid quantity and quality were investigated in different studies including patients with a history of infertility with conflicting results. Although there was much data on infertility in other countries, little exist on infertility in Iraq, especially in Kirkuk city. To study the effects of cigarette smoking on the seminal fluid quality in infertile male smokers in comparison with nonsmokers in Kirkuk city-Iraq. A review study of 250 infertile couples with the malefactor of infertility smokers and nonsmokers from January 2015-September 2018.

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