ISSN 2409-5834

AutoAbs (ANA, ds-DNA) and trace elements (Zn, Cu, AL) and essential element (Ca) serum levels in Iraqi patients with SLE

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Anwar K. Ismael ,Hazima M. Alabassi


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease, with a wide range of clinical symptoms. Numerous studies have indicated to the association between autoantibodies (ANA and ds-DNA), trace elements [Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Aluminum (AL)], and essential element Calcium (Ca) serum levels and pathogenesis of SLE. The current study aims to evaluate the role of some autoantibodies (ANA, ds-DNA), Trace elements (Zn, Cu, AL), and essential element (Ca) in pathogenesis of early diagnosed SLE patients and treated patients.

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