History of Medicine


An Open Access Journal

Auxiliary medical staff on zemstvo county service

E.M. Smirnova

Yaroslavl State Medical Academy

The creation of zemstvo county medicine led to the emergence of new categories of health workers – zemstvo council paramedics and midwives. This article discusses the formation of this professional group, their social standing, educational level, employment status, working conditions and material support for these medical workers.

Keywords: county medicine, paramedic, midwife, training nursing staff, salaries, working conditions, social status


From 2021

The Journal is Published Twice a Year.

Founders of the journal

I.M. Sechenov

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