History of Medicine


An Open Access Journal

Women's Knowledge Regarding Pap Smear and Cervical Cancer in Duhok City in Respect to Related Educational Perspective Session

Melad Alias Yalda
Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region –Iraq
Iman Yousif Abdulmalek
College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Harjeen Rasul Mohammed Ali
College of Nursing, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq


Background: Cervical cancer is a serious health problem because of its classification as the fourth commonest one in women all over the world. It is an avoidable cancer. For decreasing the incidence and the related morbidity, the early detection can be extremely important. Therefore, educating women about cervical cancer will help to lower its risks and poor prognosis. Objectives: Assessment of the impact of an educational session on the women’s knowledge about pap smear and the prevention of cervical cancer in Duhok city. Materials and Methods: A quasi-experimental study includes 120 women from7th of January- 28th of April in 2021, who were selected randomly in this study which was conducted at Duhok Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Results: The study revealed that women's pre-test knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smears was low; it was also shown that women's failure to receive screenings is due to a lack of information. The mean score knowledge’s level in Pre-test was (29.99±3.44) with the majority (81.7%), were in the moderate score levels, but it was (2.99±0.091) in the post-test knowledge scores with the vast majority (99.2%) were in high scores level. The improvement in the combined knowledge scores of the women before and after the test was statistically significant with a P value of 0.001 Conclusions: The interventional education was successful in improving the women's knowledge of pap smear and cervical cancer.

Keywords: Knowledge, Educational program, Pap smear and Cervical Cancer. ,


From 2021

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I.M. Sechenov

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