Determination of Post-COVID-19 Symptoms Among Recovered Cases in Iraqi Kurdistan Region: A Cross-Sectional Study
Master in Community Health; Assistant lecturer, public health department/College of Health and Medical Technology -Shekhan / Duhok Polytechnic University; Iraqi Kurdistan. Orchid
Psychiatry Unit, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok 42001, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
MSc. Clinical biochemistry, Medical Laboratory Technology department, College of Health and Medical Technology -Shekhan, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
MSc. Nursing, Cardiac Center, Erbil, Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq,
Bachelor biology, Shorsh General Hospital, Sulaimaniya Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Objective: The current study aimed to investigate post-Covid-19 symptoms and it is associated factors in Kurdistan region, Iraq. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among the general population. The study included 454 recovered COVID-19 patients; the questionnaire consists of four parts; starting from socio-demographic data, Items about the acute and post-COVID-19 status, and other comorbidities of the individuals. Quality of life was measured by EQ-5D Visual Analogue Scale and finally, WHO severity scales were used to assess Covid-19 conditions. Data were analyzed in the form of descriptive statistics and using SPSS version 24.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The vast majority (75.6%) experienced post-symptoms for about 3 months or less. Post Covid-19 was found to be significantly (p < 0.05) related to gender, quality of life, and duration of symptoms. Common symptoms were fatigue 203 (44.7%), Myalgia 99 (21.8%), Sleep disturbance 84 (18.5%), Anosmia and Headache 65(14.3), and 64 (14.1) respectively. Nonetheless, we also observed a significant association between disease severity and the number of acute symptoms with post-COVID-19 symptoms. Conclusion: The bulk of the study's survivors reported experiencing post-COVID-19 symptoms. As a result, there is a critical requirement for evaluation and rehabilitation following the recovery, thus careful coordination between COVID-19 healthcare facilities and public hospitals is needed.