Management of Laboratory Empowerment and Development in Improving the Quality of High School Physics Learning System in Karawang Regency
This research is motivated by the phenomenon that the quality of Physics learning system in schools is still low. Physics learning has not taken place as a combination of critical thinking processes that produce reliable and valid information and laboratories in schools that have not been optimally empowered and developed. The purpose of this research is generally to describe and analyze as well as find solutions regarding empowerment management and laboratory development to improve the quality of the learning system. Specifically to describe and analyze the management of empowerment and development of laboratories to improve the quality of the Physics learning system in high schools which includes: (1) Planning, (2) Implementation, (3) Evaluation, (4) Follow-up, (5) Obstacles and (6) Solutions. the research method used is qualitative method. Data collection was done through observation, interviews, and documentation studies. Data analysis was carried out by collecting all information, reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions. The theories that support this research are Deming's Grand Theory of Quality Management, Laboratory Quality Management, and Operational Theory of quality theory. Supporting policies are Indonesian Law Number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System, Government Regulation Number 4 of 2022 concerning National Education Standards, Minister of Education and Culture Regulation Number 8 of 2018 concerning Operational Guidelines for Physical Special Allocation Funds for the Education Sector, Minister of Education and Culture Regulation Number 24 of 2007 concerning Facilities and Infrastructure Standards. The results showed that in general the management of empowerment and development of laboratories in improving the quality of the learning system in the two schools has been implemented but has not had an optimal impact. While specifically Labaoratorium Management ranging from planning, implementation, evaluation and follow-up in improving the quality of the Physics learning system. Obstacles in the implementation of laboratory empowerment and development management are the lack of certified human resources, the absence of an integrated information system and the lack of partnership activities with other parties involved in the development of laboratories and the low ability of students' process skills in Physics subjects. The solution to overcome the problems in the implementation of empowerment management and laboratory development to improve the quality of the Physics learning system is to build partnerships with other parties, hold an integrated information system and optimize laboratory management activities through professional development of laboratories as a means of supporting learning or by implementing laboratory management with the concept of quality management.