History of Medicine


An Open Access Journal

Alexander Chuchalin

Academic Biography
N. I. Pirogov 2nd Moscow Order of Lenin State Medical Institute.

Degrees and titles
Doctor of medical sciences, Professor, Academic of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Scientific activities
1957-1963 – studied at the N. I. Pirogov 2nd Moscow Order of Lenin State Medical Institute, worked as a nurse;
1963-1965 – clinical residency;
1965-1967 – post-graduate courses; 1967 – defended candidate thesis; 1974 – defended doctoral thesis at the age of 34, then became chairman of the department of hospital therapy at the N. I. Pirogov 2nd Moscow Order of Lenin State Medical Institute.
1982 – elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (present-day the Russian Academy of Sciences) in 1987 – Academic of the AMS USSR (present-day the Russian Academy of Sciences). From 1987 to 1990 – professor A.G. Chuchalin was vice-president of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. 1990 was a significant year in his life – the year that the Research Institute of Pulmonology that he founded was opened. At first, the institute was a part of the Russian State Medical University but in 1991 it received independence. In a relatively short period of time the Russian Ministry of Health’s Institute of Pulmonology became the head pulmonology center in the country, capable of solving many fundamental and applied problems. The pulmonary field in medicine was actively formed under the leadership of Chuchalin.
In 1990, Aleksandr Chuchalin also founded the scientific journal Pulmonology. In 2005, he became the chief physician of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation. In 2006, under the guidance of Chuchalin, Russia’s first successful bilateral lung transplantation was conducted, a recognized worldwide pinnacle of modern medical technology.
Under Chuchalin’s scientific supervision 40 doctoral and 116 candidate theses have been defended. His students and staff represent Russian pulmonology abroad: in the United States, Canada, Sweden, France, Israel, and Germany.
Aleksandr Chuchalin is a member of the editorial boards of the journals Therapeutic Archives, Doctor, Russian Journal of Medicine, Journal of Environmental Medicine and Environmental Sciences, and Respiratory Care.
Chuchalin’s name is tied to Russian pulmonology being recognized as an independent branch of medicine, pulmonology being included among other equal medical specializations, and the physician-pulmonologist being accepted as an employment category.

Honors, Awards and Prizes
In 1997, several international research centers named academic Chuchalin “Man of the Year”. American Biographical Institute noted his special contribution to the development of world civilization. In 2003, Chuchalin became the first Russian winner of the Golden Hippocrates international prize.
Chuchalin has been awarded the Badge of Honor order and medals. Three times winner of the Russian Government State Prize. In 2006, was awarded the order “For Services to the Fatherland”.

Professional Organizations
Organizer, scientific director and president of the annual Man and Medicine All-Russian National Congress.
Supervisor and president of state scientific and technical program Health of the Russian Population.
WHO expert, chairman of the regional branch of the Commonwealth of Independent States INTERASTHMA, chairman of the All-Russian Scientific Society of Pulmonologists and the annual National Congress on Respiratory Diseases, a member of the executive committee of the Society of Orthodox Doctors.
He was elected an honorary member of the Cuban, Czech, European academies of arts and sciences, East-West Academy, and the Ramazini Academy.

Scientific Publications
The author of 23 monographs and textbooks, over 400 scientific articles in scientific journals in Russia and abroad.

Chuchalin A.G. Bronkhial’naya astma (Bronchial asthma). A. G. Chuchalin. M. : Rus. vrach, 2001. 143 p. [in Russian]
Immunokorrektsiya v pul’monologii (Immunotherapy in pulmonology). A. G. Chuchalin, V. Ya. Arion, N. G. Evseev i dr. Pod red. A. G. Chuchalina. M. : Meditsina, 1989. 249,[1] p. [in Russian]
Chuchalin A.G. Osnovy klinicheskoy diagnostiki : rukovodstvo dlya vrachey (Fundamentals of clinical diagnostics: Guidelines for doctors). A. G. Chuchalin, E. V. Bobkov. 2-e izd. Moscow : GEOTAR-Media, 2008. 583 p : il., portr.; 27 sm + CD-ROM. [in Russian]
Chuchalin A.G. Bronkhial’naya astma (Bronchial asthma). A. G. Chuchalin. M. : Meditsina, 1985. 159 p : graf.; 20 sm. (B-ka prakt. vracha). [in Russian]
Chuchalin A.G. Patologiya organov dykhaniya u likvidatorov avarii na Chernobyl’skoy AES (Respiratory diseases in Chernobyl accident clean-up workers). A. G. Chuchalin, A. L. Chernyaev, K. Vuazen. M. : Grant, 1998. 270, [1] p. [in Russian]
Chuchalin A.G. Pnevmoniya (Pneumonia). A. G. Chuchalin, A. I. Sinopal’nikov, L. S. Strachunskiy. Moscow: Med. inform. agentstvo (MIA), 2006 (Rybinsk : Rybinskiy Dom pechati). 461, [1] p. [in Russian]
Chuchalin A.G. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po lecheniyu tabachnoy zavisimosti (Practical guidance on the treatment of tobacco dependence). A. G. Chuchalin, G. M. Sakharova, K. Yu. Novikov. Vseros. nauch. o-vo pul’monologov NII pul’monologii MZ RF. M., 2001. 14 p. [in Russian]


From 2021

The Journal is Published Twice a Year.

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I.M. Sechenov

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