DOI: 10.17720/2409-5834.v7.2.2021.06f

Mikhail D. Didur1,
Irina A. Egorova2,3,
Svyatoslav V. Novoseltsev4,
Elena R. Zinkevich5
1N.P. Bekhtereva Institute of the Human Brain of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IHB RAS)
9 Akademika Pavlova St., Saint Petersburg 197376, Russia
2FSBEI HE “Yaroslav-the-Wise Novgorod State University”
41 Bolshaya Sankt-Peterburgskaya St., Veliky Novgorod 173003, Russia
3V. Andrianov Institute of Osteopathic Medicine
4 Fuchika St., building K, Saint Petersburg 192102, Russia
4FSAEI HE I.M. Sechenov First MSMU MOH Russia (Sechenov University)
8 Trubetskaya St., building 2, Moscow 119991, Russia
5FSBI HPE “St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University” MOH Russia
2 Litovskaya St., Saint Petersburg 194100, Russia

This article examines the background to the emergence and development of osteopathy. We analyse specific features of attitudes to manual methods of treatment, and identify key aspects of the development of osteopathy. We describe the circumstances in which the world’s first school of osteopathy opened in Kirksville in 1892. We note that osteopathy was criticised at the end of the nineteenth century, while the institutionalisation of the theory and practice of this area of medicine should be regarded as starting 1936 when the General Council and Register of Osteopaths was established in the UK. We point out the specific features of the growth of osteopathy in Russia since 1988 when American osteopath Viola Frymann gave the first public lecture on the topic in Leningrad. We provide lists of experimental and clinical studies and scientific publications in the field of osteopathy. We examine the origins of structured training in osteopathy in Russia in 1992 when the first osteopathic centre (the Children’s Osteopathic Centre) was registered in Saint Petersburg. We present a number of findings on the regulation of osteopathy as a specialist field of medicine and education in Russia in 2012‒2021. Finally, we draw conclusions on the specific features of the development of osteopathy in Russia in modern times.

Keywords: osteopathy, history of osteopathy, healthcare, osteopathic methods of treatment, manual therapy

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