Sergey E. Grishin1,
Vladimir Yu. Ulyanov1,
Aleksandr S. Fedonnikov1
1FSBEI HE V. I. Razumovsky Saratov SMU MOH Russia
112 Bolshaya Kazachya St., Saratov 410012, Russia
This article examines institutional factors in the development of local orthopaedics in 1920‒1945. The study was carried out using unpublished documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the State Archive of Saratov Oblast, the archive of the Research Institute of Traumatology, Orthopaedics and Neurosurgery of the Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University, and personal documents. Most of these documents are being introduced into scientific literature for the first time. The authors attempted to provide an insight into the role of the Saratov Tuberculosis Institute, created in 1924, as a local cluster for the formation of an orthopaedic research school, which influenced the development of orthopaedics in the Soviet Union. The development of local orthopaedics is usually viewed in the context of the work carried out by established institutional structures ‒ specialised research institutes and departments. The authors’ attempt to go beyond the existing tradition uncovered a new cluster for the establishment of orthopaedic science and practice based on the principle of interdisciplinarity.
Keywords: history of medicine, history of orthopaedics, Saratov Tuberculosis Institute, A.G. Eletsky, A.Y. Demidov, G.P. Voskresensky
*The work was carried out as part of the research plan of the Research Institute of Traumatology, Orthopaedics and Neurosurgery of Razumovsky Saratov State Medical University of the Russian Ministry of Health “Comprehensive analysis of the formation and development of traumatology, orthopaedics and neurosurgery in Russia” (research and development work state registration number: АААА-А20-120022190006-9).