Vladimir A. Reshetnikov1,
Valerij N. Tregubov1
1FSAEI HE I.M. Sechenov First MSMU MOH Russia (Sechenov University)
8 Trubetskaya St., building 2, Moscow 119991, Russia
This article explores the key features of the establishment of the Department of Social Hygiene in the Faculty of Medicine at the First Moscow State University in February 1922. Despite the challenging circumstances, Nikolai Semashko, the department’s first professor, managed, in a short space of time, to put together teaching and research staff, to develop, with his colleagues’ help, the necessary teaching and curricular materials, to establish the role of social hygiene among other preventive and clinical disciplines, and to launch classes for students at the First and Second Moscow State Universities and the Moscow Institute of Medicine. From 1922 to 1930, when the department was part of the Faculty of Medicine at the First Moscow State University, its staff carried out applied research into the impact of social factors on the health of various population groups, involved students in the department’s research, and helped to produce scientific and curricular literature. In 1930, the department became part of the First Moscow Institute of Medicine, and its staff continued their teaching, curricular and research activities within the structure of that establishment.
Keywords: history of public health, Russian educational establishments, social hygiene, N.A. Semashko, Faculty of Medicine, First Moscow State University