Anastasiia A. Bryleva,
Yevgeniya L. Panova
FSAEI HE I.M. Sechenov First MSMU MOH Russia (Sechenov University)
8 Trubetskaya St., building 2, Moscow 119991, Russia
The article focuses on the research of unknown facts of the history of neurology clinical teaching at Imperial Moscow University, mainly related to the activities of the department of nervous diseases of the Novo-Catherine hospital in 1892–1913. In the article, special emphasis is put on the organizational role of A.Ya. Kozhevnikov and the representatives of his scientific school (G.I. Rossolimo, A. A. Kornilov, V.K. Rot, I.V. Tarasevich and others) in the establishment of neuropathology teaching at Moscow University. The subject of the research is the conflict between P.M. Popov, chief physician and head of the department of the therapeutic clinic, and A.A. Kornilov, extraordinary professor of the department of the systematic teaching of nervous and mental diseases, a representative of the A.Y. Kozhevnikov’s scientific school. The outcome of this confrontation would have defined not only the future of this department but also the possibility of systematic scientific educational and clinical activities in the field of neuropathology at the Novo-Catherine hospital. Each of the sides stood for its own point of view, using as a proof detailed data about legal, personnel, administrative, and financial aspects of the establishment of clinical teaching on the medical faculty at Imperial Moscow University, beginning from 1845. As a result, the neurological department was preserved as a separate unit of the Novo-Catherine hospital, and I.V. Tarasevich, the follower of A.A. Kornilov, began his work in the department as an assistant, which made possible to maintain the traditions of Kozhevnikov’s scientific school. The circumstances of the eruption of conflict that influenced the development of clinical neurology at Moscow University, its main points and the details of this debate are published for the first time.
Keywords: history of medicine, clinical teaching, Imperial Moscow University, Novo-Catherine hospital, department of nervous diseases