Vladimir N. Nikolenko1,2, Valentina A. Kudryashova1, Anna V. Shumak1, Negoriya A. Rizayeva1, Marine V. Oganesyan1
1FSAEI HE I.M. Sechenov First MSMU MOH Russia (Sechenov University)
8 Trubetskaya St., building 2, Moscow 119991, Russia
2Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119991, Russia
This article presents biographical data and information about the main areas of work of an outstanding Russian anatomist P.I. Karuzin (1864–1939). His pedagogical and organizational activities are examined. A student of D.N. Zernov, Karuzin worked as a professor at the Department of Descriptive Anatomy of the Medical Faculty of the Moscow University (1900–1930). In 1897, he founded an educational museum. Under his leadership and with his direct participation, a new Anatomical Institute at the First Moscow State University was built and opened, in which the Department of Anatomy of I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University is still located. The article pays particular attention to the teaching activities of Karuzin, who is the author of a number of well-known textbooks. Karuzin organized faculties of anatomy in Astrakhan, Smolensk, Tbilisi and Minsk. His work was aimed at improving the educational process. Thanks to Karuzin’s efforts, the departments of anatomy were equipped with specimens for practical study. He introduced into training practices the independent dissection of corpses by students under the guidance of teachers. Karuzin’s activities were diverse; as one of the leading domestic anatomists, he took part in the embalming of Lenin’s body and was the editor of a number of anatomy textbooks. The authors of the article note that scientifi c biographies contribute to the preservation of generational continuity and are a source of motivation for young doctors in their practical and scientifi c activities.
Keywords: P.I. Karuzin, the history of anatomy, teaching, textbook for plastic anatomy, N.I. Pirogov’s legacy