Vladimir I. Borodulin1, Konstantin A. Pashkov2, Mikhael V. Poddubniy1, Aleksey V. Topolyanskiy2, Pavel V. Shadrin2
1FSSBI “N.A. Semashko National Research Institute of Public Health”
12 Vorontsovo Pole St., building 1, Moscow, 105064, Russia
2FSBEI HE A.I. Evdokimov MSMSU MOH Russia
20 Delegatskaya St., building 1, Moscow, 127473, Russia
The article is based on an analysis of numerous literature sources and materials from V.D. Shervinskiy’s personal archive and the Central Historical Archives of Moscow. The work reconstructs the multifaceted personality of the outstanding Russian physician V.D. Shervinskiy – a pathologist, therapist and endocrinologist. It demonstrates his exceptionally high level of activity in the scientific and public life of the country’s therapists, in conducting medical congresses, and his role in creating the largest scientific clinical school at Imperial Moscow University: the Shervinskiy-Golubinin school at the Faculty of therapeutic clinical practice. Four major fields are distinguished in the creative legacy of V.D. Shervinskiy as a doctor, researcher and public figure. The authors come to the conclusion that under V.D. Shervinskiy and L.E. Golubinin, the Faculty of therapeutic clinical practice (1899–1912) experienced a heyday (its third peak after A.I. Over in the mid-1800s and G.A. Zakharyin in the 1860s and 1870s), and that in the first decades of the 20th century V.D. Shervinskiy, along with V.N. Sirotinin (Saint Petersburg) and V.P. Obraztsov (Kiev) as well as S.S. Botkin and M.V. Yanovsky (Saint Petersburg), F.G. Yanovsky (Kiev) and L.E. Golubinin (Moscow), led domestic clinical practice on internal diseases, following the path set out by S.P. Botkin.
Keywords: V.D. Shervinskiy, Moscow University, medical congresses, scientific school, therapeutic elite