Iuliia V. Kuzmina, Nataliya P. Shok
FSAEI HE I.M. Sechenov First MSMU MOH Russia (Sechenov University)
8 Trubetskaya St., building 2, Moscow 119991, Russia
This article is dedicated to the study of the professional biography of R.M. Fronsсhtein (1882–1949), who entered medical history as the founder of the Russian school of urology. In their comprehensive work on creating a historically reliable picture of the establishment and development of the clinical and fundamental specialties in the history of Russian medicine, the authors, using a historical-biographical method, have made an attempt to reconstruct and analyze the circumstances related to R.M. Fronsсhtein’s studies at the Medical Department of Imperial Moscow University (1900–1907). The study was based on material from various Russian archives (the Moscow Central State Archive, the State Archive of the Ryazan Region, the State Archive of the Russian Federation). By analyzing the historiography and archival material the researchers established new facts about R.M. Fronsсhtein’s biography from the abovementioned period. The researchers were able to clarify the circumstances surrounding his temporary dismissal from the university in 1904, to determine the reason why a case was filed against him at the university’s Professor’s Disciplinary Court, to discover information about his stay in the Ryazan Region in 1905–1906 and to verify the dates when he was rehabilitated among the students of the Imperial Moscow University and when he completed his studies. The article offers various scholarly theories and the authors clarify the separate facts of R.M. Fronsсhtein’s biography based on information obtained during their work with the sources. More complete historical-biographical information about one of the leading urologists of the Soviet Union will help us study the history of the development of the Russian school of urology and shed light on the important events in the history of Russian medical science in general.
Keywords: history of medicine, Richard Fronschtein, scientific biography, Russian school of urology, Imperial Moscow University