Inna V. Pchelina1,2, Yulia I. Aseeva1
1 The Far Eastern State Medical University
2 The Federal Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
The article is based on a variety of sources, including archival sources, and presents an academic biography of doctor of medical sciences, Professor E.I. Kropacheva (1926–2013), one of the first cardiovascular surgeons in the Khabarovsk Territory. Her work as a physician and scientist was inextricably linked with the Khabarovsk State Medical Institute. In 1959, at the institute’s department of surgery, she defended her thesis for the degree of candidate of medical sciences on clinical and anatomical inconsistencies in acute appendicitis. Particular attention is paid to the versatile nature of Professor Kropacheva’s scientific work in the field of surgery, one of the pillars of which was surgical treatment for acquired heart defects. In 1973, she became one of the first in the Far East to defend a thesis for the degree of doctor of medical sciences in cardiac surgery. The thesis describes the evaluation of the myocardium’s functional state in patients with rheumatic heart disease in the process of establishing indications for surgery. The article also examines the activities of Professor Kropacheva’s scientific and practical clinical school, which was created at the Khabarovsk State Medical Institute’s department of hospital surgery, and which she chaired for many years. The school’s leading research areas included emergency abdominal surgery, in particular, the treatment of peritonitis of varying complexity, gastric ulcers, and duodenal ulcers, as well as the immunological aspects of diagnosis and treatment in surgery. The authors note that during Professor Kropacheva’s many years of fruitful teaching, numerous skilled surgeons and scientists were trained.
Keywords: history of surgery, cardiac surgery, abdominal surgery, surgical school, E.I. Kropacheva