Andrey V. Kartashev
Alexander A. Vorotnikov
Stavropol State Medical University
On the basis of archival documents, information about the life of the surgeon, traumatologist, orthopedist and cytologist Professor M.S. Makarov (1906−1977) is presented. His work has been inextricably linked with the Stavropol Territory. Makarov organized of the provision of specialized orthopedic and trauma care to the population of Stavropol and was a leading expert in this field. The authors note the multifaceted nature of his scientific interests. Makarov had extensive surgical experience; he worked as a doctor and as the head of the orthopedic department at the Stavropol boarding school for children with orthopedic trauma pathology. During World War II he led a military hospital’s surgical department for the seriously wounded. Makarov, together with the well-known microbiologist Professor M.P. Prokrovsky, developed a cytological method for studying granulating wounds by creating contact preparations, which became widely used in hospitals, as it significantly facilitates the evaluation of the healing process. Makarov’s teaching activities are associated with the Faculty of Orthopedics and Traumatology at the Stavropol State Medical Institute, which he participated in creating, and which he headed for many years. The authors describe the main points in the treatment methods for tuberculosis kyphosis, provide information about (Makarov’s) method for an open reduction of congenital dislocation of the hip in children with preservation of the cartilage of the acetabulum. Makarov’s contribution to the development of domestic cytology is noted. The article recalls the scientist’s most significant works. Makarov’s contribution to the development of domestic orthopedics is noted. It is concluded that he has made a significant contribution to the development of traumatology, orthopedics and healthcare in the Stavropol Territory. The article uses extensive materials from the archive of the G.N. Prozritelev and G.K. Prave Stavropol State Museum-Reserve, the Stavropol Territory State Archive and the Museum of the History of the Stavropol State Medical University.
Keywords: M.S. Makarov, treatment of gibbosity, bone tuberculosis, cytology of wound exudate, contact preparation methods