S.A. Kabanova1, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Deputy Director for Scientifi c and Organizational Work
P.M. Bogopolsky2, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Department of Scientific
Programs and Staff Training
1N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Emergency Care, Moscow (Russian Federation);
2B.V. Petrovsky National Research Center of Surgery, Moscow (Russian Federation)
The article briefly highlights key stages in the life and activities of N.V. Sklifosovsky (1836–1904), his scientific achievements and priorities. Particular attention has been paid to Sklifosovsky’s contribution to the planning and construction of the first clinical medicine campus in Russia, located at Devichye Pole in Moscow, on the territory of current-day I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. A consistent supporter of the ideas of the great N.I. Pirogov, Sklifosovsky devoted much of his life to the development of surgery, the organization of scientific research and the improvement of medical education in Russia. He made a significant contribution to military surgery and significantly improved medical care for those wounded on the battlefield.
Sklifosovsky began one of his most fruitful periods of life and work at the medical faculty of Imperial Moscow University (1880‒1893). He became the founder of one of the largest scientific schools in Russia, whose representatives made a great contribution to the development of domestic surgery. In 1883, Sklifosovsky headed a special commission that developed and presented in the autumn of the same year its recommendations to the University Council for the construction of a clinical medicine campus. Using his medical and public authority, Sklifosovsky collected large donations for its design and construction.
Keywords: Moscow University, clinical medicine campus, N.V. Sklifosovsky, founder