S.D. Batoev, Candidate of Medical Sciences
The Scientific-Practical Center of Medical Care for Children With Developmental
Disabilities of the Craniofacial Area and Congenital Diseases of the Nervous System,
Moscow (Russian Federation)
The article presents information about the life and work of K.I. Legkov (1877–1958) – one of the healthcare organizers on the territory of the modern Republic of Buryatia and the Trans-Baikal Territory. The son of a priest, Legkov successfully graduated from the medical faculty of the University of Tartu and worked as an assistant at the university clinic. During the Russo-Japanese War, he volunteered for the front as a military doctor. In 1907, Legkov became assistant to the chief physician of the Verkhneudinsk Red Cross hospital. In addition to clinical work, he was actively engaged in teaching activities and showed great organizational skills, being elected mayor. From April 1917, he worked as a senior registrar at the Berezovsky military hospital, and was appointed head of the Baikal department of health after the formation of the Far Eastern Republic. In November 1921, he was appointed head of the Trans-Baikal military medical district. In June 1923, Legkov resigned. He became an easy target for political repression: in 1938, he was arrested by the Primorsky district NKVD on charges of espionage and was interned at a prison camp (1938–1954). In 1955, during his lifetime, he was rehabilitated.
Keywords: K.I. Legkov, Russo-Japanese war, the Verkhneudinsk Red Cross hospital, Zabaikalsk Society of Physicians, the Far Eastern Republic, the history of medicine