T.I. Surovtseva, Ph.D. in Historical Sciences, Associate Professor
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow (Russian Federation)
This article analyzes the experience of the professors of the medical faculty at the Imperial Moscow University in the spiritual and moral education of students in the first quarter of the 19th century. The reforms of Alexander I, which reflected the liberal mood of the first years of his reign, affected education. In accordance with the Charter of 1804, the university received extensive rights associated not only with the content of the educational process and its organization. Particular attention was devoted to measures promoting the spiritual and moral education of students. Public lectures that were attended by representatives of different sectors of the population characterized the university as a center of cultural and scientific life, making it a major phenomenon in the social and cultural life of Moscow in the first quarter of the 19th century. During the Patriotic War of 1812, teachers and students of the Imperial Moscow University’s faculty of medicine excelled not only on the battlefield. University professors and staff sent money to the front and graduates of the medical faculty participated in the fight against epidemics that spread after the retreat of the French. In the first quarter of the 19th century, the Imperial Moscow University was one of the intellectual centers of the country. Students of the faculty of medicine (and the whole university in general) received a universal, broad education, and the staff’s work was aimed at shaping future doctors, imparting modern knowledge, with the necessary skills and offering the best moral qualities.
Keywords: Imperial Moscow University, faculty of medicine, education, patriotism, morality, students and the professor