M.N. Kozovenko, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department
of the History of Medicine, National History and Culturology
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, The Ministry of Health of the Russian
Federation, Moscow (Russian Federation)
The life and work of Russian surgeon and Orthodox bishop V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky (1877‒1961) has become a practical example of scientific and religious unity. Such an extraordinary combination of professions attracts the attention of our contemporaries, including medical students, junior doctors and even eminent scientists. Hundreds of articles and dozens of monographs, including in foreign journals, have been written about the life of this famous physician and bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church. Having said that, two of his medical works are unknown to many, including domestic and European surgeons. They were published in the Deutsche Zeitschrift für Chirurgie (Leipzig, 1923), and the author was listed as Lucas Bischof (Ger.). Very few people would guess today that Lucas Bischof was the Russian surgeon Voyno-Yasenetsky consecrated at the time as a bishop named Luke. These scientific articles by Voyno-Yasenetsky are published for the first time in Russian. Each of them contains the results of the scientific discoveries that were made. These include descriptions of a new anatomical structure, as well as two original surgical interventions. He wrote these works during the Tashkent period of his career (1917‒1923). The return of the works Voyno-Yasenetsky to scientific discourse will contribute to the widespread recognition of his lesserknown achievements which may eventually be named after him (surgery to remove the spleen, which he proposed as an addition to the Halsted operation and the newly described anatomical structure).
Keywords: V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky, «Deutsche Zeitschrift für Chirurgie», Lucas Bischof, priorities in surgery, priorities in anatomy, history of medicine