S.I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Sciences and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; A. Solzhenicyn House of Russian Abroad, Moscow
In the history of Taurida University (Simferopol, Republic of Crimea) a distinct ≪early≫ period of its activity stands out. This period is associated with the names of famous St. Petersburg, Moscow and Kiev professors and teachers of higher education who had fled to Crimea at the beginning of Russia’s Civil War. Along with representatives of the local intelligentsia, these scientists participated in the activities of a number of important scientific and cultural institutions in Crimea. With the change of regime, many of them had to beevacuated from the peninsula, along with the remaining members of the Russian Volunteer Army. This most important period is covered extremely poorly and inconsistently in the literature currently available. In the writing of this article, materials were used from the following sources: the Archives of the Alexander Solzhenitsyn House of Russia Abroad, Archives of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as materials from the family archives of the Dmitrievs, Metalnikovs and Olferevs, which have not previously been published.
Keywords: Russian scientific emigration, Civil War in Russia, Russian Voluntary army