St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, The Ministry of Healfh of the Russian Federation
For the first time, the toponymy of St. Petersburg is being examined as a historico-medical source and given a classification of medical toponyms of St. Petersburg. We underline five categories of names: given in honor of the medical profession as a whole, given in honor of eminent scientists and other important figures in medical field or those who had influence on the development of medicine, given in honor of physicians outside the context of their professional activities, given in honor of the medical institutions, given in honor of the medico-social, charitable institutions. In total, the study identified and reviewed 291 medical toponyms relating to 176 objects, some of which still exist, and some that have been since lost. Presently, there are still 93 medical toponyms remain in St. Petersburg.
Keywords: the history of Russian medicine, St. Petersburg, toponymics and toponymy